Individuals are malnourished, or suffer from under nutrition if their diet does not provide them with adequate calories and protein for maintenance and growth, or they cannot fully utilize the food they eat due to illness.
People are also malnourished, or suffer from over nutrition if they consume too many calories.
Malnutrition can also be defined as the insufficient, excessive or imbalanced consumption of nutrients.
Signs and symptoms of malnutrition include:
- Loss of fat (adipose tissue)
- Breathing difficulties, a higher risk of respiratory failure
- Higher risk of complications after surgery
- Higher risk of hypothermia – abnormally low body temperature
- The total number of some types of white blood cells falls; consequently, the immune system is weakened, increasing the risk of infections.
- Higher susceptibility to feeling cold
- Longer healing times for wounds
- Longer recover times from infections
- Longer recovery from illnesses
- Lower sex drive
- Problems with fertility
- Reduced muscle mass
- Reduced tissue mass
- Tiredness fatigue, or apathy
Content Source : Medicalnewstoday